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Career Builder

Personality, and suggested careers

Common Careers for Personality Types

Research has shown that many of the different Personality Types tend to have distinct preferences in their choice of careers. We have incorporated observations of each type’s character traits which affect career choice along with some suggestions for possible directions. We have also included lists of actual careers which the various types have chosen in their lives.
This material is provided for your reference, and is intended to be an informational guide. It does not comprise a complete analysis of ideal careers for individuals, and does not guarantee success or failure at any occupation. As we know, individuals vary greatly. However, we certainly encourage personal self-knowledge and research in your quest to live up to your fullest, and for this reason we provide you with this information. For a complete and personal evaluation of career possibilities, you should speak with a career guidance counsellor.
ISTJ – The Duty Fulfillers
ESTJ – The Guardians
ISFJ – The Nurturers
ESFJ – The Caregivers
ISTP – The Mechanics
ESTP – The Doers
ESFP – The Performers
ISFP – The Artists
ENTJ – The Executives
INTJ – The Scientists
ENTP – The Visionaries
INTP – The Thinkers
ENFJ – The Givers
INFJ – The Protectors
ENFP – The Inspirers
INFP – The Idealists


Unbeatable Resume Tips

Tony Beshara, author of Unbeatable Résumés(Amacom, 2011), a Dallas-based recruiting and job placement powerhouse and president of Babich & Associates to share his secrets.

KH: Why are people so obsessed with their résumé?
TB: The primary reason people spend so much time, money, and effort in writing a résumé is that this is the one activity within the job search that they can control. Instead of picking up the phone and calling a prospective employer to ask for a face-to-face interview-risking potential rejection-people agonize over their résumés.
Here’s the truth–it is rare to get hired by simply submitting a résumé –the purpose of the résumé is to help get you an interview. And at the interview, remember that 40 percent of a hiring decision is based on personality. You’ve got to get the interview and sell your pitutee off.
KH: What makes an unbeatable résumé?
TB: It has to be simple. No more than two pages. The average résumé gets read in 10 seconds. Be sure the content is on a level any high school senior could understand. In other words, the person looking at your résumé should be able to easily understand exactly who you have worked for and what that company does. Just because you know the company or it’s a big name like IBM IBM -0.65%BoeingCorp, or Ford Motor Co, doesn’t mean everyone is familiar with what your specific division does.
  • Avoid the fancy-schmancy layout, font, and other special effects. Stick to traditional font of Times New Roman, 9 to 12 point size, and black type against a white paper. You might try a different type size for your name and the companies you have worked for, perhaps your title. But try to be consistent. Go easy on boldface type, italics, and underlining.
  • Prepare it in a simple Word format that can easily be viewed on most computers. Not a table format or template.
  • Use a reverse chronological order. List your present, or most recent job, first, and then work backwards. You state the complete name of the company you work for, or have worked for, and what they do, how long you were there–month and year. Then list the position you held and your accomplishments. You don’t have to use full sentences. Begin with verbs. “Managed company tax reporting, finance, invoicing, purchasing,” for example.
  • Get rid of objectives and summary and all that silly stuff. It’s all fluff. An employer doesn’t care about your objective. He cares about his.
  • Skip personal information such as married with three kids. Sounds stable to you. But to a hiring authority looking for someone to travel, it may keep you from being interviewed.
  • Stories sell. Numbers, statistics, percentages get attention if you put in bold type. Increased profit by this 28%. Came under budget by 30%. If you were born and raised on chicken farm, note it on your résumé.
  • Fuzzy key words and phrases should be avoided. These include customer-oriented, excellent communications skills, and creative. These words lack meaning and do absolutely nothing to help you get an interview.
  • Use words that refer to titles- customer service, controller, manager, accountant,
  • Get the photos off your résumé. You are looking for a job, not a date.
KH: Does “age” stop people over 50 from landing a job?
TB: Let me be real blunt. People over 50 think they aren’t getting hired because they’re over 50. People who are short think they aren’t being hired because they are short. There is a tendency for people to imagine that what they are works against them.
The question the employer is asking is can you do my job right now and are you a big risk? Most candidates don’t think they are a risk. But if you hire somebody who made more money than this, had a bigger job than this, has been out of work for six months, has had three jobs in three years–these are all risks. Some of those risks come with age, but not the age itself.
I don’t think there’s as much age discrimination as there used to be. The real reason they aren’t getting hired–it’s a rotten, lousy job market out there. With so many candidates to choose from, hiring authorities are compelled to seek out the perfect candidate. They want to hire someone where the job is a step up to them. Not someone who has surpassed the positions, who will walk in six months later and say he or she found a better job.
KH: Sure a great résumé helps, but what’s really at the heart of getting a job?
TB: Networking. You have got to pick up the phone and call everybody that you ever knew, everybody that you ever worked with, every employer that you ever worked with. That’s the way to get an interview. It is estimated 60 percent who find jobs have located them through networking. Sending a résumé to a web site is a joke. It ain’t going to happen. If you don’t establish any personal connection to them it’s is a waste of time.
Brainstorm. Sit down with a spouse and friends and ask for help. Write down the names of previous employers and former colleagues, immediate and extended family. Don’t be embarrassed to call family members when you’re out of work. Get over it.
Call friends of friends, people in your church, athletic club, volunteer organizations, parents of children’s friends. Contact trade and professional associations you belong to–many have job boards. Alumni associations, fraternity and sororities are worth reconnecting with. You never know who will know someone who is hiring. College and university placement offices are there to help no matter how long ago you graduated. Canvas local lawyers, accountants, bank officers in town and see if they know if any clients hiring. In short, you really have to “kiss a lot of frogs’ to find a prince. Leave no stone unturned.
KH: And the biggest frustration when it comes to getting a résumé noticed?
TB: People overestimate who is reading it. Most of the time the people who are reading the résumé really don’t have anything to do with the job and have no direct experience with it. It’s an internal recruiter, somebody in Human Resources, the “Hiring Roadblock” department. Just know if you get relegated to the HR departments, your odds of getting an interview, let alone a job are drastically reduced. That’s just the way it is.
KH: How useful is social media networking?
TB: LinkedIn actually does seem to help people in their job searches. It’s easy to create a profile and begin linking to new contacts. You can update regularly and get recommendations from colleagues, previous bosses, and clients. You can research companies and individuals you want to target, connect with former associates, and let them know you are looking for new opportunities.
KH: Any tips for those who think changing careers is the ticket?

TB: Most people who successfully change careers either go into a profession not saturated at the time, like teaching or healthcare, or they open their own business. A lot of new businesses fail because the people who start them have absolutely no idea how to run a business. Be prepared to start at the bottom, no matter what you decide to do. The probability of being hired in a business you know nothing about, by someone who doesn’t know you, at a decent salary, isn’t very high. So to change careers, you’re most likely going to have to make it a good business deal for a perspective employer-worth the risk involved in taking on someone without proven experience.

KH: What’s the magic ingredient for jobseekers?
TB: Guts. Don’t be bashful. You have to take the risk of picking up the phone and having someone say no, and, maybe hell no. No matter how good your résumé might be, unless it helps you get face-to-face interview with hiring managers, your efforts are wasted.
Getting interviews is hard work. It requires tenacity, persistence, determination, and courage to thrust yourself upon people, even if that doesn’t come naturally to you.  No one likes being rejected. The sooner you face this reality and prepare for rejection, the sooner you will be able to find a job.
KH: Swagger counts.

I’m the author of What’s Next? Follow Your Passion and Find 
Your Dream Job, available here To learn about great jobs for retirees, check out my column on AARP. Follow me on Twitter, @KerryHannon


Resources and references

Finding job satisfaction

Creating Job Satisfaction – Learn how job satisfaction often stems from your attitude and expectations. (Mind Tools)
Job Satisfaction Survey – Self-assessment survey to find out how satisfied you are with your job. (Wellness Council of America)
Boring Jobs Can Lead to Burnout – Study that shows how boring, unfulfilling jobs can lead to burnout as much as frenetic, fast-paced ones. (BMC Psychiatry)

Overcoming obstacles to changing careers

Taking the Fear Out of Career Change – Provides specific action steps to common fears in considering a career change. (University of Minnesota Office of Human Resources)
How Fear Can Stop a Career Change – Outlines five main stumbling points to considering a new career, and how to move past them. (Suite101, commercial site)

Career investigation resources

Career Guide – US News and World Report – Provides updated information on good careers based on future outlooks and job satisfaction, as well as future trends and jobs that may be overrated. (US News and World Report, commercial site)
Occupational Outlook Handbook – Provides information on different careers/occupations, including what workers do on the job, working conditions, training and education needed, earnings and job prospects. (US Department of Labor)
Career Guide to Industries – Provides information on careers available by industry groupings. Also gives outlook on industry, overall earnings and training information. (US Department of Labor)
Job Hunters Bible – Gives web resources and advice from Richard Nelson Bolles, author of What Color is Your Parachute?,on finding the right job or career, including tests and advice, research, making contacts, finding a job, and creating a resume. (JobHuntersBible, commercial site)

Career tests

The Meyers Briggs Temperament Indicator II – Offers a short Meyers Briggs exam to assess your temperament. Answer all the questions for a four-letter personality indicator and an explanatory document. Registration required. (Advisor Team, commercial site)
Queendom – Offers a collection of tests and resources designed to help you along your path of self-discovery. (Queendom, commercial site)

Getting career skills: evaluating transferable skills

Transferable Skills (PDF) – Provides an overview of transferable skills most desirable for employers, and how you can apply your experiences to those areas. (USC Career Planning and Placement Center)
Transferable Skills Survey – A survey to help you zero in on your transferable skills. Rate your skills in five broad transferable skill areas. (University of Minnesota Duluth Knowledge Management Center)

Career counseling, education and job placement support

Employment & Training Administration – Information about federal job training programs in the U.S. and a section of the site, Regions & States, lists state and local employment resources for all states and regions. (US Department of Labor)
In the UK, National Careers Service offers training and careers advice.
In Australia, The Job Guide offers occupational profiles and links to career guidance information.
In Canada, Education and Training offers information on grants and links to explore career options.
Jobs for the Future – Nonprofit organization that helps young people and undereducated adults in the U.S. get the training and education they need to get jobs. (Jobs for the Future)
The Women’s Alliance – Organization of community-based members who provide professional attire, career skills training and related services to low-income women in the U.S. seeking employment. (The Women’s Alliance)

Starting your own business

How to start your own business and maintain your sanity – Learn about the pros and cons about starting your own business including entrepreneurship in a slow economy, what to expect with investors and managing slow beginnings. (US News & World Report)

Tips for changing careers

Career Changers: Make the Job Market Care – Tips on changing your perspective on careers and how to reduce frustrations and anger during your job search. (Psychology Today)
The 10 step plan to career change – Provides a checklist of areas to review in changing careers, including special sections for seniors, women and minorities. (Quintessential Careers)
Authors: Melinda Smith, M.A., Lawrence Robinson, and Robert Segal, M.A. Last updated: April 2015.
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